Cross Border Education: Signs of Change




According to the report of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in terms of higher education and economic strength, America is all powerful the craze of receiving higher education in foreign countries has increased among the students of developing countries. 21 lakh students were studying in foreign countries to receive cross border education in 2001. This number has increased to 50 lakh in 2014. According to OED, the number is expected to be 80 lakh by 2025. By then, the sustainable trends of change at international level will also emerge and the Asian countries will be in better position.

America and Britain enjoy the monopoly over international education for the past several decades. Both have respectively secured first and second place in this field. After this Germany, France and Australia have maintained their positions. In these countries, more than half of the total foreign students study. The USA and Britain’s market share is facing a fall at present. Australia and Canada are emerging as new centers. At the other hand, domestic students are giving much more importance to study in quality-based higher education institutions of neighbouring countries rather than distant countries.

The number of Asian students is 53% which has a major share of Indian and Chinese students. The number of Nigerian and South-African students is increasing fast. One in six foreign students is Chinese. Second place is held by India. The share of Asian students in total foreign students has increased to 53%. According to British Council Report, 2014, among the students studying for PG courses in Britain, the number of Indian students is highest after China. By 2024 the number of Chinese students in Britain is expected to be 44%which will be the highest.

According to cbert website survey, 2017, there are 310 offshore campus branches are listed in the world, of these 65 are the domestic institutions of developing countries. India has 10 and China has 7. If 22 institutions of Russia are added, the count goes to 39. 39 campuses out of 65 are in Russia, India and China; remaining 26 institutes are situated in other developing countries.

It is not that in case of higher education, the students of America and Britain are in the highest number. According to growing trends, students from East Asian countries study in Japan and South Korea in the highest number. In Japan and South Korea, 81% and 75% more students receive higher education respectively than those of in the USA and the UK. Safety and low distance are considered to be effective factors behind this. The USA and Britain have been the first choice of international students for several decades. The report of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and British Council says that China, India, Australia and Canada will emerge as new center in the world after 2025. Demographical change at the global level, inclination towards better education, changes in visa rules, the idea of nationalism are being considered the main reasons behind this. If the trend continues for the upcoming decades, developing countries can give a deep blow to the monopoly of developed countries over the education. According to potential changes, China is moving forward to become a huge center for foreign students after 2025. The number of foreign students in India is expected to grow rapidly. Indonesia can also register a presence in this case.