The Sukma incident in Chhatisgarh has left everyone in utter distress where 25 CRPF soldiers were killed by the Maoists. It has become a national debate although it is yet to leave behind the’ Dadri Incident’ in popularity. Naxalite attacks are not new to India, particularly when she shares her border with a country where people like Mao are legends. It always looks difficult for a Maoist ideology to sustain in democracy simultaneously, perhaps it’s impossible. Unlike territorial issues which could be solved, Maoism demands a political overthrow and the rule of a single group of people which looks unlikely in India’s current stable democratic system which has been functioning ideally for the past 70 years although once it was challenged by PM Indira Gandhi.
Naxalism is something which is not centred anywhere. Hence it is challenging to eradicate Naxalism. Naxalists are like cockroaches, we do Pest Control but they can still be sighted roaming in the corners. Although violence can never be justified, impoverished conditions do serve as a motivation for people to become Naxalists. Eastern states are poverty stricken and hence Maoism stricken. We reduce poverty, we reduce Maoists. India is getting rid of poverty but the spread is not uniform. Eastern states have not seen many people come out of poverty in the last few decades, especially Chhatisgarh. The poverty rate in India is 23 percent while in Chattisgarh it rises to 40 percent. Chattisgarh continues to be one the most impoverished states of India, despite being carved out of Madhya Pradesh for better economic growth. Fingers will be pointed towards the work of Dr Raman who has been in power for the last 15 years. He worked enthusiastically in his intial years as CM but afterwards his graph dropped.
Building a poverty free nation is the ultimate way to defeat Naxalism in ideological terms. Giving more ammunitions to the Army, CRPF and police might help but temporarily.